What is Actinic keratosis


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Actinic keratosis shows up the roughness and bumps on the skin. It is also identified as solar keratosis. This type is found in most people. It is caused by exposure to ultraviolet rays on the skin. If you show irresponsibility and do not prevent this disease in time, you may face problems like cancer. The best way to avoid Actinic keratosis is to protect yourself from the harmful rays of the sun.

If you found new red or harsh blemishes on your skin so you can contact the best skin specialist in Islamabad at the earliest opportunity. AKs often occur as little dry, squamous, or crusty patches of skin. Actinic keratosis is a small raised spot on your skin. Sometimes it takes the form of skin cancer due to its severity.


If your skin has one or more Actinic keratoses. It can be diagnosed by a certified skin specialist carefully. The dermatologist will also examine the skin cancer symptoms. People who have been directly exposed to ultraviolet rays have an increased risk of skin cancer.

A skin exam is usually recommended for patients who are feeble and can not tolerate frequent treatment. The appropriate treatment eliminates Acnitic keratosis. When AK removes, your skin feels well.

Sometimes your doctor may be able to cut the Actinic keratosis area of the skin and examine it closely under a microscope.

Risk factors:

Ultraviolet rays gradually damage the skin’s surface. This means that even short periods of exposure to intense sunlight can cause this risk.

Some people overestimate this risk, including:

  • People with light-colored skin, red hair, and blue, green, or cloudy eyes.
  • People with dark skin, dark hair, and dark eyes exposed to UV rays without protective measures are at risk.
  • Increased risk with the weakened immune system.
  • People whose skin becomes sensitive under unusual circumstances.
  • More aged adults


Actinic grows at such a slow rate. It mostly affects the skin parts which are more exposed to the sun such as the face, ears, lips, neck, hands, arms, etc. It mostly attacks the skin of the head and neck. Actinic keratosis may begin as a light deep pinkish-red or a combination of all these and sometimes it can be skin-like in color. Some people have more than one spot of Actinic keratosis.

Usually, the basic symptoms of actinic keratosis are rough and increased pimples on your skin. They can differ in color but often contain a yellow or brown crust on top. These spots may be:

  • Gray
  • Pink
  • Red
  • Like skin color

Signs may also have:

⮚ Bleeding.

⮚ Burning, pricking, or itching.

⮚ Dry, squamous lips.

⮚ Failure of color in the lips.

⮚ Discomfort or anxiety.


A unique way to prevent actinic keratosis is to avoid the sun’s ultraviolet rays. You can keep your skin safe by following these guidelines.

❖ Applying sunscreen daily keeps your skin protected even in winter and cloudy weather.

❖Utilize a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least 30 sun protector factors that prevent ultraviolet light from affecting the skin.

❖ Sun rays can be more harmful from 10 am to 2 pm so try to avoid them.

❖ Wear a long-sleeved shirt instead of a half-sleeved shirt and use a hat on your head.

❖ Avoid sun lights and tanning beds.

❖ Wear clothes that protect you from the sun.

The number and severity of actinic keratosis can also be decreased by adopting vitamin B3 twice every day.


Which type of treatment is right for you will depend on the following:

  • How many actinic keratosis  are on your skin?
  • On which part of the body AKs are?
  • You do not have skin cancer

A dermatologist may apply the following techniques to your treatment.

Cryosurgery: First of all, the doctor will freeze the AKs. Its purpose is to finish off actinic keratosis. Some AKs may require more than one surgery to remove. Your treated skin may also blister after surgery.

Chemical peel: This chemical is used to remove the outer layer of skin. This chemical peel can be obtained from a salon. Using this medical treatment will cause skin inflammation and swelling.

Curettage: Curettage is the best cure for the deepest and thick actinic keratosis. Curettage is a technique through which the doctor scratches your skin.

todynamic therapy: This therapy is recommended for patients whose AKs continue and replace after treatment.

For an expert opinion, you can contact the best dermatologist in Lahore.